Weighing about as much as a nickel,
hummingbirds are the smallest birds
in the world.
Its brain comprises more than four percent
of its total body weight, the largest
proportion of any bird.
Because of their small size, hummingbirds
approach the physical limits of existence
for warm-blooded animals.
The average life span of a hummingbird
is three to five years.
Hummingbirds can hover, fly backwards,
forwards, and even briefly fly upside down.
With an average flight speed of 25 to 30 mph,
a hummingbird can dive at 60 mph.
A hummingbird’s resting heart rate is 250 bpm.
When hovering, their heart rate can reach
They consume nectar as well as small, soft
insects for protein.
Hummingbirds may visit up to 3,000 flowers
Females develop regular feeding routes which
are carefully designed so individual flowers
are visited at intervals allowing just enough
time for them to refill with nectar.
Males do not participate in rearing the young,
leaving females to handle that task alone.
*In memory of Della Bowman, a hummingbird enthusiast.